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dvwa1.9之Command Injection

Low:

源码:

<?php

if( isset( $_POST[ 'Submit' ]  ) ) {
    // Get input
    $target = $_REQUEST[ 'ip' ];

    // Determine OS and execute the ping command.
    if( stristr( php_uname( 's' ), 'Windows NT' ) ) {
        // Windows
        $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  ' . $target );
    }
    else {
        // *nix
        $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  -c 4 ' . $target );
    }

    // Feedback for the end user
    echo "<pre>{$cmd}</pre>";
}

?> 

对参数ip没任何过滤

127.0.0.1&&net user

 

Medium:

源码:

 <?php

if( isset( $_POST[ 'Submit' ]  ) ) {
    // Get input
    $target = $_REQUEST[ 'ip' ];

    // Set blacklist
    $substitutions = array(
        '&&' => '',
        ';'  => '',
    );

    // Remove any of the charactars in the array (blacklist).
    $target = str_replace( array_keys( $substitutions ), $substitutions, $target );

    // Determine OS and execute the ping command.
    if( stristr( php_uname( 's' ), 'Windows NT' ) ) {
        // Windows
        $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  ' . $target );
    }
    else {
        // *nix
        $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  -c 4 ' . $target );
    }

    // Feedback for the end user
    echo "<pre>{$cmd}</pre>";
}

?>


把&&和;过滤了(替换为空)

黑名单很容易绕过

1.用&就可以了

127.0.0.1&net user

2.由于替换了;为空,所以可以 127.0.0.1&;&net user 绕过

 

High:

源码:

<?php

if( isset( $_POST[ 'Submit' ]  ) ) {
    // Get input
    $target = trim($_REQUEST[ 'ip' ]);

    // Set blacklist
    $substitutions = array(
        '&'  => '',
        ';'  => '',
        '| ' => '',
        '-'  => '',
        '$'  => '',
        '('  => '',
        ')'  => '',
        '`'  => '',
        '||' => '',
    );

    // Remove any of the charactars in the array (blacklist).
    $target = str_replace( array_keys( $substitutions ), $substitutions, $target );

    // Determine OS and execute the ping command.
    if( stristr( php_uname( 's' ), 'Windows NT' ) ) {
        // Windows
        $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  ' . $target );
    }
    else {
        // *nix
        $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  -c 4 ' . $target );
    }

    // Feedback for the end user
    echo "<pre>{$cmd}</pre>";
}

?> 

过滤了好多字符,但是仔细看‘| ’后面有空格。这就说明‘|’(后面没空格)没被过滤

所以

127.0.0.1|net user 绕过

 

Impossible:

源码:

<?php

if( isset( $_POST[ 'Submit' ]  ) ) {
    // Check Anti-CSRF token
    checkToken( $_REQUEST[ 'user_token' ], $_SESSION[ 'session_token' ], 'index.php' );

    // Get input
    $target = $_REQUEST[ 'ip' ];
    $target = stripslashes( $target );

    // Split the IP into 4 octects
    $octet = explode( ".", $target );

    // Check IF each octet is an integer
    if( ( is_numeric( $octet[0] ) ) && ( is_numeric( $octet[1] ) ) && ( is_numeric( $octet[2] ) ) && ( is_numeric( $octet[3] ) ) && ( sizeof( $octet ) == 4 ) ) {
        // If all 4 octets are int's put the IP back together.
        $target = $octet[0] . '.' . $octet[1] . '.' . $octet[2] . '.' . $octet[3];

        // Determine OS and execute the ping command.
        if( stristr( php_uname( 's' ), 'Windows NT' ) ) {
            // Windows
            $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  ' . $target );
        }
        else {
            // *nix
            $cmd = shell_exec( 'ping  -c 4 ' . $target );
        }

        // Feedback for the end user
        echo "<pre>{$cmd}</pre>";
    }
    else {
        // Ops. Let the user name theres a mistake
        echo '<pre>ERROR: You have entered an invalid IP.</pre>';
    }
}

// Generate Anti-CSRF token
generateSessionToken();

?> 

加入了Anti-CSRF token,用is_numeric()函数判断是否是数字,对ip参数进行了合法性判断,基本无解。

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