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python爬取代理脚本

最近写了一个爬取代理的python脚本,参考了一下别人的代码,有了大量代理就方便了,这是v1.0版本,采用了多线程(一页用一个线程爬代理),顺便熟悉一下队列和bs4,感觉bs4的确很强大而且方便很多。还有很多地方不是很完善,日后有空会继续完善这个脚本。

功能描述:爬取www.xicidaili.com的代理,并去1212.ip138.com/ic.asp验证代理的可用性,最后把可用代理写入useful_proxies.txt文件。

代码:

#coding:utf-8

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup as bs
import re
import Queue
import threading
import time
import optparse


url = 'http://www.xicidaili.com/nn/'
headers = {'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; Trident/7.0; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; InfoPath.3; rv:11.0) like Gecko'}

class Proxy_collection(threading.Thread):   #继承Thread实现多线程
    
    def __init__(self, que):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)   #重用父类Thread的__init__()
        self._que = que
    
    def run(self):
        while not self._que.empty():
            url = self._que.get()
            r = requests.get(url, headers=headers, timeout=5)
            soup = bs(r.content, 'lxml', from_encoding='utf-8')
            bqs = soup.find_all(name='tr', attrs={'class':re.compile(r'|[^odd]')})
            for bq in bqs:
                
                us = bq.find_all(name='td')
                
                try:
                    self.proxies_confirm(str(us[5].string), str(us[1].string), str(us[2].string))   #取协议:ip:端口去验证
                except Exception,e:
                    #print e
                    pass
    
    def proxies_confirm(self, type_self, ip, port):
        ip_dic = {}
        ip_dic[type_self.lower()] = ip + ':' + port
   
        r = requests.get('http://1212.ip138.com/ic.asp', headers=headers, proxies=ip_dic, timeout=5)
        result = re.findall(r'\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+', r.content)
        result_ip = ''.join(result)   #转为字符串
        
        if ip == result_ip:
            print type_self + '---' + ip + ':' + port + ' is useful!!!\n'
            with open('useful_proxies.txt', 'a') as f:
                f.write(type_self.lower() + '---' + ip + ':' + port + '\n')
    

if __name__ == '__main__':
    thread = []
    
    que = Queue.Queue()
    
    parser = optparse.OptionParser('usage %prog '+\
      '-p <page num>')
    
    parser.add_option('-p', dest='pagenum', type='int',\
      help='specify page nums,default 5',default=5)
    
    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()
    pagenum = options.pagenum
    
    for i in range(1, pagenum+1):
        que.put('http://www.xicidaili.com/nn/' + str(i))
    
    for i in range(pagenum):
        thread.append(Proxy_collection(que))
    start = time.clock()
    for i in thread:
        i.start()
    for i in thread:
        i.join()

    end = time.clock()
    print end - start


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